What nutrients affect children’s height?

Of course, the ideal height and reasonable nutrition are inseparable. The growth of height mainly depends on the growth and development of long bones, that is, the formation and deposition of the glial matrix and its minerals. When epiphyseal cartilage growth decreased, the growth of long bones is limited, resulting in slow growth of height; when the proliferation of chondrocytes decreased, especially in the synthesis of reduced glial matrix, bone narrowing, long bone growth is limited.

Some children due to picky eaters, partial eclipse, dietary structure is not reasonable, and diarrhea and other diseases, they will lack the body protein, a variety of micronutrients. A large number of studies have confirmed that protein, zinc, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, iodine on growth has a significant direct role. Other nutrients, such as iron, riboflavin, zinc and vitamin A, indirectly affect the height growth of children by affecting children’s appetite and immune function, affecting colon structure and function.

Protein: Animal’s muscle and offal contains a large amount of protein, which is the primary “building material” for children’s growth and development. Collagen, which plays an important role in bone formation and growth, contains a large number of special amino acids, namely glycine, proline and the like. In the diet, only the main plant protein, its quality is not high enough, especially for the benefit of the high level of lysine content. Therefore, in children’s three meals a day must ensure adequate quality protein, such as fish, shrimp, lean meat, eggs, milk and soy products.

Zinc: Zinc is the most important nutrient that helps children grow tall. Children with chronic moderate zinc deficiency, that is, the level of zinc in tissues and organs and the total body zinc decreased significantly, while the growth retardation occurs at the same time. Zinc deficiency in children also directly affects the basic process of osteocyte differentiation and proliferation.

In addition, the synthesis of zinc on growth hormone, secretion like insulin-like growth factor also play an important role.

Calcium and phosphorus: Calcium and phosphorus are the most abundant minerals in the body, while 99% of calcium and 80% of phosphorus are present in the bones. The calcium intake of children in our country is quite different from that of Japanese children of the same age. At the same time, due to the low bioavailability of calcium in plant foods, children should usually eat foods rich in calcium, such as milk, soy products, vegetables, etc., and add calcium if necessary. Children more sun, strengthening physical activity is also conducive to bone growth.

Vitamin A: It is essential for the growth of children and plays an important role in the activity of cells in epiphyseal cartilage. In addition, vitamin A can also affect the of thyroid hormones.

In addition to the above nutrients on the direct role of height, iron, zinc, riboflavin, vitamin A can also promote children’s appetite, promote their secretion of digestive juice, affecting the formation of duodenal villi and reduce the chances of illness to promote children Height growth.

During one’s life, there are two peaks of height growth: the first is the first year after birth, the height can be increased by 25 cm; the second peak occurs at 12 to 14 years old, and the growth rate is accelerating again. In this period height can grow 25-30 cm. After adolescence, the epiphysis in the skeleton begins to close and the height stops. Therefore, the ideal height, the reasonable nutrition of children and adolescents can not be ignored.


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Article: What nutrients affect children’s height?

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