How to prevent 1-3-year-old baby calcium and zinc iron deficiency and vitamins?

1-3-year-old baby body growth rate is very fast, this time the mothers must give the baby a good nutrition off, from the diet, nutritional balance, etc., for the effective arrangements for the baby. Any kind of lack of nutrients, such as calcium, iron, zinc, vitamins, etc., will have a significant impact on the baby’s healthy growth.

For 1-3-year-old baby, if the diet is not organized, or baby picky eaters, partial eclipse, anorexia bad eating habits, or frequent diarrhea, respiratory infections, poor appetite lead to gastrointestinal malnutrition, it is prone to lack Calcium, , , lack of vitamins and other common nutritional deficiencies.

Prevent baby measures

1. Diet provides calcium-rich foods

Baby after the age of 1, the gradual transition of diet to adults, teeth gradually grow, should eat milk, bone soup, shrimp, kelp, tofu, sesame or sesame and other high calcium foods. If the calcium intake does not meet the standard, but also need to continue calcium, calcium intake until the diet reached the standard, to stop calcium.

2. Daily to provide baby milk products

Milk and yogurt, cheese is an important source of calcium, should ensure that the baby drinks about 500 ml of milk a day, at least not less than 250 ml.

3. Supplement vitamin D and calcium

Calcium at the same time, we must also add vitamin D for the baby, has been added to the baby 2 years to 2 years and a half, and take the baby to the outdoor sun, in order to promote the absorption and utilization of calcium. As the northern cold for a long time, the baby outdoors in the sun less time than the South, it should be under the guidance of a doctor appropriate to increase the amount of vitamin D supplements. To remind you that often go abroad in the summer activities, vitamin D supplementation may be less, so as to avoid vitamin D poisoning.

Prevention of zinc deficiency measures

1. Provide a zinc-rich diet

From the diet to pay attention to arrange for the baby rich in zinc foods, such as lean meat, eggs, poultry, seafood, oysters and other animal foods, these foods not only contain zinc, significantly better than grains, but also in the intestinal absorption rate Higher. If you pay more attention to diet, the baby can completely prevent zinc deficiency.

2. Correct picky eaters partial bad eating habits

Some babies at 2-3 years old, has formed a picky eaters, partial eclipse of the unhealthy eating habits, such as not eating meat, eating plant foods, and these foods not only less zinc, about 100 grams of food contains only 1 mg of zinc, And in the intestinal absorption rate is low, resulting in zinc deficiency. Be sure to correct the baby picky eaters, partial eclipse of the unhealthy eating habits, to maintain a nutritionally balanced diet.

3. To prevent excessive loss of zinc from the body

Baby rickets when the body often sweating, in addition to children’s easy to sweat easily, will lead to increased body zinc loss. It is determined that every day sweating zinc loss of 1.3 mg; In addition, the baby often diarrhea can easily lead to zinc deficiency in the body, we must promptly correct rickets or chronic diarrhea.

Prevention of iron deficiency measures



1. Dietary arrangements for iron-rich foods

Iron-rich foods such as pork liver, pig’s blood or duck blood, lean meat, eggs, soy products, fresh vegetables and more. At the same time, give the baby to eat some rich in vitamin C, fruit acid and vegetables such as oranges, citrus, lemon, strawberry, tomato, cucumber, bell pepper, etc., so that iron in the intestinal absorption rate increased by 4 times.

2. Try to use iron shovels when cooking

Cooking wok and shovel, cooking food will produce some small pieces of broken iron dissolved in food, is beneficial to the intestinal absorption of iron. Recommended by the World Health Organization, the best food to cook iron cooking utensils to help people make iron.

3. Avoid frequent diarrhea or respiratory infections

Diarrhea or respiratory tract infections can lead to poor baby appetite, affecting the gastrointestinal absorption of iron, resulting in iron deficiency in the body, we must promptly correct.

Prevention of vitamin A deficiency

1. Food arrangements for vitamin A-rich foods
The main cause of vitamin A deficiency in babies is mostly due to the lack of vitamin A in the diet over a long period of time. Therefore, the main method of preventing vitamin A deficiency is to improve the diet. Vitamin A can not be synthesized in the body, must be provided by food.

However, vitamin A is only found in animal foods such as liver and egg yolk. Although plant foods contain no vitamin A, they contain carotene and are used in vivo to convert vitamin A into vitamin A. Foods rich in vitamin A and carotene are animal liver, eggs, milk, carrot, tomato, sweet potato, corn and orange.

2. To avoid the baby to develop bad eating habits
For more than 1 year old baby, the lack of vitamin A is mostly due to picky eaters, partial eclipse and anorexia and other unhealthy habits, the mother should pay attention to rectify as soon as possible. In addition, the baby suffering from chronic diarrhea or other wasting disease can also lead to vitamin A deficiency, we must promptly treated.

Prevention of vitamin B1 deficiency

1. Scientific and reasonable food intake
Mum cook unscientific method, such as the rice soaked in water for too long, excessive washing rice or hand scrub washed rice, will cause the loss of vitamin B1, therefore, to avoid these unscientific cooking methods.

2. Master the principle of scientific feeding
Do not often eat baby polished rice noodles, vitamin B1 in which a lot of processing has been lost, and this is more important for the East than the West. Because Asians are based on rice as the staple food, and the decomposition of the staple food of sugar to consume a large number of body vitamin B1, eat polished rice will further exacerbate the lack of vitamin B1 in the body.

3. Avoid allowing your baby to eat too much candy
If the baby often love to eat candy, be sure to correct as soon as possible, it not only damages the baby’s teeth, studies have shown that even more in the body lack of vitamin B1.

4. Dietary attention to arrange foods rich in vitamin B1
Coarse grains, sunflower seeds, flour, oatmeal, brown rice, fresh vegetables, lean meat or animal liver, kidney, eggs, soy products are rich in vitamin B1 food, pay attention to give your baby more to provide such food. In the daily dishes, my mother try to arrange for the baby some lean meat, animal liver and beans food.


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