Gestational diabetes diet principles

The purpose of the diet for gestational diabetes: maternal and fetal provide enough calories and nutrients, so that the mother and the fetus can gain weight appropriately, in line with the ideal glycemic control, prevention of pregnancy toxemia and reduce premature birth, abortion and the incidence of dystocia.

The purpose of the diet for gestational diabetes: maternal and fetal provide enough calories and nutrients, so that the mother and the fetus can gain weight appropriately, in line with the ideal glycemic control, prevention of pregnancy toxemia and reduce premature birth, abortion and the incidence of dystocia.

Nutritional needs of gestational diabetes in pregnant women with normal, except that you must pay more attention to calorie intake, allocation and distribution of the ratio of nutrients meal times.
Also, avoid sweets and high oil food intake and increase dietary fiber.

Principle 1 calorie needs attention
No special early pregnancy increase the heat, in the latter part of pregnancy must be in accordance with the required heat, and then an additional 300 kcal / day. Because weight loss may cause an increase of ketone bodies inside the mother, resulting in adverse effects on the fetus, it should not lose weight During Pregnancy.

Principle 2 Note meals distribution
In order to maintain stable blood sugar level and avoid the occurrence of ketosis, the distribution of meals is very important. Because eating a lot of food will cause a rapid rise in blood sugar, and when the mother fasting for too long, prone to ketone bodies, it is recommended that smaller meals, the daily food intake should be divided into 5 to 6 meals. In particular, avoid dinner and breakfast the next day apart for too long a time, so you want to add bedtime snack.

Principle 3 correct carbohydrate intake
Carbohydrate intake is designed to provide heat to maintain normal metabolism and to avoid production of ketone bodies. Should not be mistaken eat starchy can control blood sugar or weight, and completely do not eat; but should avoid added sugar, granulated sugar, fructose, glucose, sugar, honey, maltose of sugary drinks and sweets, can avoid postprandial rapid increase in blood sugar. If necessary, add a little sugar substitute, but it should be used for fetal harmless Acesulfame K. We recommend that you try to choose a high fiber content of unrefined staple food, may be more beneficial to blood sugar control, such as: brown rice instead of white rice or corn meal, choose whole grain bread or bread and so on. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes high blood glucose levels in the morning so the content of the breakfast must be less starchy foods.

Principle 4 focus on protein intake
If you have adequate intake of nutrition in pregnancy, early pregnancy without increasing the protein intake, the second trimester, the latter need to increase the amount of protein each 6 grams, 12 grams, half of which comes from the need of high biological value protein, such as every day: eggs, milk , dark red meat, fish and soy milk, tofu and other soy products. Best to drink at least two glasses of milk a day to get enough calcium, but do not drink milk when, in order to avoid high blood sugar.

Principle 5 Fats and oils should be noted
Cooking oil to vegetable oil-based, reducing fried, fried, pastry of food, as well as animal skin, fat and so on.

Principle 6 intake of fiber
Within the weight range can be ingested, more intake of high-fiber foods, such as: brown rice instead of white rice or grains of rice, increase the intake of vegetables, eat fresh fruits and drink fruit juice Erwu, so can delay the blood sugar rises, help blood sugar control, but also more satiety. But do not eat fruit unlimited.

Epilogue
Many check out mothers with gestational diabetes, because many managed to get through the early pregnancy symptoms, is prepared to strengthen the diet in order to provide fetal nutrition, not even free to eat, you will feel both worried and frustrated. In fact, the diet of pregnant women with gestational diabetes in pregnant women are generally similar, but the need to control the daily dietary intake and meal, close observation of body weight, if necessary, shall be in accordance with physician instructions do self monitoring of blood glucose, ketone testing. Hard to control and patience are for all mothers and baby’s health and safety, you will feel it is worth, and will be proud of their perseverance!

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