Anti-Tobacco Policies Cut Youth Smoking Rates: Study

Cigarette tax increases also seem to keep teens from picking up the habit

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) — As smoking has become more expensive and inconvenient in the United States, fewer young people are lighting up, a new study shows.
“Because smoking initiation typically occurs before youth enter the workplace, smoke-free workplace laws likely affect smoking initiation by showing kids that adult smoking norms reject smoking,” said study first author Anna Song, an associate professor of psychological sciences at the University of California, Merced, Health Sciences Research Institute.
In [...]

Think Genes Drive Obesity? You May Eat Less Healthy

In study, people who thought DNA dictated their body weight had worse diets and exercised less
Think Genes Drive Obesity? You May Eat Less Healthy
TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2015 (HealthDay News) — People with a family history of obesity who believe their genes doom them to the same may “give up” and eat worse, a new study suggests.
The study found that when it comes to weight, feelings of powerlessness against one’s DNA was tied to a higher body mass index — a measurement that takes into account weight and height.
A [...]

Could Psychedelic Drugs Be Good Medicine for Some?

In a carefully controlled setting, psychedelic drugs such as LSD or “magic mushrooms” may benefit patients with hard-to-treat anxiety, addiction or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new research suggests.
The finding comes from a review of small-scale and preliminary studies conducted recently in the United States, Canada and Europe, all of which await follow-up.
These preliminary results show that “in the right context, these drugs can help people a lot, especially people who have disorders that we generally treat poorly, such as end-of-life distress, PTSD, and addiction issues involving tobacco or [...]

West Nile Virus Most Common Mosquito-Borne Illness in U.S.

West Nile virus, which first appeared in the United States in 1999, continues to be the most common mosquito-borne illness in the country, federal health officials reported Thursday.
Of 2,327 cases of mosquito-transmitted disease identified in 2014, there were 2,205 cases of West Nile, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
California, Texas and Arizona reported two-thirds of the cases of West Nile, the CDC researchers said.
Most people — an estimated 75 percent — infected with West Nile virus won’t develop any symptoms, according to the CDC.
Less [...]

With School Back in Session, Kids Need Refresher Course on Hand-Washing

With the start of the new school year, parents need to remind their children about the importance of hand-washing and how to do it properly, an infectious-disease expert says.
Hand-washing is the best way to prevent many types of infections, and is especially important after using the bathroom and before eating, according to Dr. Beverly Connelly. She’s with the division of infectious diseases at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, in Ohio.
“Germs get left everywhere! Good hand hygiene practices help prevent catching colds and respiratory viral infections, stomach bugs and [...]

Sports Medicine Docs Offer Safety Tips for Young Athletes

Children should ease back into activity, wear properly fitted safety gear and stay hydrated
SUNDAY, Sept. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) — Kids are back to school and back to sports, which inevitably leads to bumps and scrapes and possibly even more serious sports-related injuries.
Doctors in the sports medicine division at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio say preparation is the key to reducing the risk of these injuries.
First, they recommend that children start exercising long before a sports season begins — at least four to six weeks earlier.
Children [...]

Autism Behaviors May Differ in Boys and Girls

The repetitive and restrictive behaviors common in autism aren’t seen as often in girls as they are in boys with the disorder, a new study says.
Researchers also found that there were differences in certain parts of the brain between girls and boys who exhibit these behaviors.
“Our findings suggest a potential factor that may contribute to the relatively low proportion of females with autism,” said the study’s lead author Kaustubh Supekar, a postdoctoral researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine in California.
Supekar said repetitive and restrictive behaviors are [...]

Researchers Explore Memory Problems Related to Parkinson’s

Many people with Parkinson’s disease have memory problems, researchers report.
The study included 40 people with early stage Parkinson’s disease and 40 healthy older adults. While the disease is generally viewed as a movement disorder, about half of the Parkinson’s patients had difficulty with some aspect of memory, such as learning and retaining information, or recalling spoken information, the investigators found.
“And then half of those participants, or nearly one-quarter of all participants with Parkinson’s, were really having a difficult time consistently with their memory, enough that it would be [...]

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