12 kinds of essential nutrients during pregnancy

Do you know what kinds of essential nutrients During Pregnancy?

1, α- linolenic acid plant Brain Gold

α- linolenic acid in plant nutrition scholars have brain gold in the world, it with its metabolite DHA is the source of your baby smarter. If the mother body lacks α- linolenic acid, then the baby will have brain development, mental retardation, intellectual impairment, body retardation, poor vision and other symptoms.

Day supplementary volume: World Health Organization recommends that pregnant women supplement daily dosage of 1300 mg should be appropriate.

Food sources: people in their daily diet containing α- linolenic acid from walnuts, flaxseed, hemp seed and other foods can intake to about 300 mg.

Note: China’s maternal actually need 1,000 milligrams daily supplement. However, unfortunately, α- linolenic acid as a polyunsaturated fatty acid, is only abundant in the deep sea plants, modern man is hard to only special supplement intake.

2, Lecithin memory is a good helper

Is a major component of lecithin choline, choline it is called “memory factor”, choline synthesis by acetylcholine transmission is a very important substance in the cell signaling, nerve impulse conduction, myelination and the central memory of the brain (hippocampus) plays a very important role.

Day supplementary volume: According to Nutrition Examination Survey, maternal require supplement lecithin, recommends 500 mg daily supplement.

Food sources: in addition to supplementary animal liver, the lecithin in egg yolk highest, in addition to bread and milk. But to get through the daily diet of pregnant women is not enough. It also requires dedicated nutrient supplement.

Note: The researchers found that only a short period of time in two fishes supplement lecithin improve the baby’s intelligence role, the time period is the first month after five months pregnant, and the second stage is in cradle baby learning to walk on and a period.

3, Folic acid deficiencies separation wall

Folic acid is a B vitamin, has the role of prevention of birth defects, a raw material of fetal brain development is essential for the baby’s fetal cell division, growth and proliferation of a variety of organizations who have an important role. Lack of folic acid prone to intrauterine growth retardation, premature delivery and reduced body weight after birth, neural tube malformations.

Day supplementary volume: According to the reference amount determined by the Chinese Nutrition Society, pregnant women and mothers need extra 200 micrograms per day is appropriate.

Food sources: Folic acid is widely present in various species of flora and fauna, such as animal liver, kidney, beans, green leafy vegetables and fruits contain.

Note: The entire pregnancy comprehensive and rational nutrition is essential for health smart baby. Only through daily food nutrition reasonable mix, supplemented by targeted nutritional supplement special agent in order to achieve nutritional balance, let your baby smarter, healthier.

4, Taurine – the baby’s active agent

Taurine is an amino acid, in free form commonly found in various tissues of animals. It can promote the development of the central nervous system of the brain cell proliferation, migration and differentiation plays a facilitating role. If there is no external supply source, there may occur a lack of taurine.

Day supplementary volume: Nutritionists have suggested the fetus, infant supplement taurine. Pregnant women and mothers optimal amount of daily supplement of 20 mg.

Food sources: animal body contains taurine, the content of which is the most abundant fish and shellfish.

Note: The daily intake is generally difficult to achieve a standard amount of daily supplement, if able to do so, or through special nutrient supplement.

5, Vitamin A brain eye grow power

Physiological function of vitamin A is enhanced vision, participation proliferation and differentiation of cells, enhance immune function, bone metabolism involved in the most important is that it can promote brain development, is an important material to promote the growth and development of brain tissue.

Day supplementation: My early pregnancy nutrition experts recommend a daily intake of of pregnant women, the late and lactation were 800 micrograms, 900 micrograms, 900 micrograms, 1200 micrograms.

Food sources: pumpkin, leeks, green beans, carrots, celery, milk, apricots, papaya, honey, bananas and eggs and so on.

Note: In addition to increasing of pregnant women intake from food, the daily need special supplement of 500 micrograms amount, nursing mothers also need to add.

6, Vitamin B1 neurological function Assistant

Day supplementary volume: Nutritionists recommend intake of 1.5 mg per day of pregnant women, nursing mothers and 1.8 mg.

Food sources: Vitamin B1 content-rich foods are cereals, legumes, nuts, yeast, nuts category, especially in the higher part of the content of the cereal of the epidermis. Animal offal, eggs and greens content is higher.

Note: Pregnant women and mothers in addition to dietary intake, but also need to add an extra day 0.8 mg.

7, Vitamin B2 baby clever protection of God



Vitamin B2 involved in redox reactions in the body, is mainly involved in the synthesis in vivo biological oxidation and energy involved in the body’s antioxidant defense system and enhance the vitality of antioxidant enzymes, and improve the body’s ability to adapt to the environment.

Day supplementary volume: Our nutrition experts recommend that pregnant women and nursing mothers is 1.7 mg daily of vitamin B2 intake.

Food sources: fruits, milk and dairy products, liver and kidney, egg yolk, eel, vegetables such as spinach, carrots, mushrooms, seaweed, eggplant and so on.

Note: Pregnant women and lactating women, in addition to increasing the intake from milk, eggs, meat, vegetables and fruits and other foods, but require special supplement 0.8 mg.

8, The bone growth agent is vitamin D

Vitamin D for the body to absorb and use calcium plays an irreplaceable role. Long ago, scientists have been fully aware of vitamin D deficiency and rickets, osteomalacia and osteoporosis, the disease has a close relationship.

Day supplementary volume: Pregnant and lactating women daily recommended amount is 10 micrograms.

Food sources: Vitamin D is mainly present in fish, animal liver, egg yolk, and lean meat. In addition, like skim milk, cod liver oil, cheese, nuts and seafood, add vitamin D fortified foods, but also rich in vitamin D.

Note: In addition to the intake from the diet, but also need special daily supplement of 2 micrograms, but best to stick to a daily outdoor sunlight for more than 1 hour.

9, Vitamin E- baby health police

Vitamin E may reduce the phenomenon of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth, its physiological function and is an antioxidant. Meanwhile, the growth and development of the fetus and infant brain function can promote.

Day supplementation: recommendations for maternal additional daily intake of 6 mg.

Food sources: Vitamin E-rich foods are fruits and vegetables, nuts, lean meat, dairy. Fruits and vegetables, including kiwi, spinach, cabbage, cauliflower, purple cabbage and so on. Nuts, including almonds, hazelnuts and walnuts. Press vegetable oils include sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, corn, olive, peanut, camellia and so on.

Note: Vitamin E in addition to baby health, or well-known skin nutrition, stretch marks and other skin care at the mother of great help.

10, Iron – blood raw materials

Iron can form hemoglobin, the mother’s blood volume increases during pregnancy, while the number of red blood cells did not increase, so reducing the hemoglobin content. This is the reason for most pregnant women prone to iron deficiency.

Day supplementation: recommendations pregnancy early, middle and late lactation were required daily intake of iron 20 mg, 25 mg, 35 mg, 25 mg, 10 mg of supplemental food outside.

Food sources: iron-containing foods include liver, lean meat, black fungus, soybeans, millet, kelp, seaweed and so on.

Note: To prevent iron deficiency during pregnancy should not pregnant at the time of an increase in the intake of iron during pregnancy have at least 300 mg of iron reserves.

11. Zinc – baby spirituality source

Zinc is an important trace element essential. Zinc deficiency of pregnant women and mothers are like fetal and infant growth and development of stagnation, and metabolic disorders, sexual dysfunction hypoplasia, causes brain development occurs irreversible damage.

Day supplementary volume: pregnant early, middle and late lactating women were supplemented daily 11.5 mg, 16.5 mg, 16.5 mg, 21.5 mg.

Food sources: zinc-rich foods include late lean meat, egg yolks, fish, animal liver, oysters, peanut flour, walnuts and so on.

Note: Pregnant women must be special zinc, can not arbitrarily add.

12, Iodine – baby development momentum

Thyroid using iodine and tyrosine as the energy metabolism of thyroid hormone synthesis, etc. of the body to promote fetal growth, weight gain, muscle growth and sexual development, to promote the proliferation of neural cell migration, cell differentiation and myelination. Lack of iodine will decrease thyroxine, leading to varying degrees of brain development behind.

Day supplementary volume: pregnant women and mothers of suitable additional daily intake of 50 micrograms.

Food sources: kelp, seaweed, sea cabbage, fish, shrimp, crab, shellfish and iodine is also very rich, you can eat.

Note: We recommend a special supplement, long-time high iodine intake can cause goiters and other iodine excess periodate hazards.


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